Muhanga, Rwanda


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On the 27th May 2019 the INGABO Syndicate members participated in the exchange trip for new cassava agricultural techniques in Mahama sector, Kirehe District, Eastern Province. In the framework of sharing the lessons and techniques learned from this trip, each group of two participants has provided at least a list of 10 people with whom he will give back the lessons learned. Knowing that just after this exchange trip we had directly entered in the dry season the restitution phase did not take place as expected.  Now, as we are in the 2020A season, it is the right time to carry out this exchange trip returns in detailed and deepest way.

It is with this mind that, on 5th November 2019, INGABO Syndicate organized an activity aimed to rehearsal knowledge get from the trip so that participants could have a harmonized package, both theory and practice  and get ready for implementation in all areas of INGABO zone.

This activity took place in the field located at INGABO Syndicate’s headquarters. After exchanging knowledge from each other, the participants gathered in INGABO Syndicate meeting room to formulate recommendations together for what they will do for their particular target groups and their surroundings community in general.

The steps of the new techniques of planting cassava cuttings in the pit for harvesting high yield using small scale area are the following:

– Dig a pit of 2m x 2m (sides) and 60 cm deep,

– Digging, the soil of 20 cm of height is put on its side and that of 40 cm remaining to reach pit bottom up to 60cm is put on the other side,

– Place vertically a stick to help us to specify the center of the pit after having backfilled,

– Mulch the pit bottom with dry grasses to prevent cohesion of the pit soil and that below the dug.

– Mix manure and the soil from 20 cm of high which was put side and superimpose it above the straws which had put at the bottom, while making backfill we form of ridge which has its summit guided by the sign from the center of the pit.

– As soon as the soil mixed with the manure is exhausted the remaining space is filled by the removed soil from 40 cm that was put on its side. Between the edges of the pit and the ridge feet we leave space of 10 cm reserved to accommodate the water and let it infiltrate.

– Just in the center at the ridge top by tilt of 60o we plant a healthy cassava cutting of 20 to 25 cm with less than 8 knots, the six in earth and leave two above ground to germinate. Note that more than 2 stems spread are removed.

– After planting your cutting, 20 cm from seed planted we mulch to prevent backfilled cohesion and to prevent soil drainage.

Note that while this technique is well applied one plantlet should yield high production ranging from 75kg to 90kg (by one cassava cutting planted in on pit).

After discussing and sharing the knowledge learned and what they remembered from each other the participants made some recommendations:

  • By a group of 2 people who must return the knowledge to 10 people, each group must have a demonstration field by which the whole group must learn from what they will practice individually in their fields,
  • Share the importance of agricultural techniques learned through community meetings (village, cell, sector level, etc.),
  • Establish a model field in each intervention village,
  • Participants from cooperatives must return acquired knowledge to all cooperative members,
  • The varieties that should be used for this technique will be only NAS-14 and NAROCAS-1,
  • Each model field must be identified by a wooden plate showing the field address, date of planting, plant variety, etc.
  • All knowledge returns must be already completed and reported by November 30th 2019.

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